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钱前课题组

钱前课题组

  Qian Qian Lab

  首席科学家/课题组长介绍:

  钱前,研究员,博士生导师,超级稻种质创新团队首席科学家,国家自然科学基金委杰出青年科学基金及农业部中青年突出贡献专家获得者。2017年获得国家自然科学一等奖。主要研究领域为水稻种质资源学,重点研究超级稻种质创制,相关研究成果发表在《Nature Genetics》、 《Nature Plants》和 《Molecular Plant》等国际顶尖学术期刊上。

  Dr. Qian Qian, Principal Investigator, chief scientist of Super Rice Germplasm Innovation Group, was awarded National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars and Young and Middle-aged Outstanding Contribution Scientists in Ministry of Agriculture. He and collaborators were awarded the First Prize of National Natural Science 2017. He is focusing on rice germplasm resources, including breeding super rice germplasm. His research achievements were published on high profile journals including Nature Genetics, Nature Plants and Molecular Plant and so on.

  

  研究成果:

  论著:

  1. Liu CL, Gao ZY, Shang LG, Yang CH, Ruan BP, Zeng DL, Guo LB, Zhao FJ, Huang CF, Qian Q. (2019). Natural variation in the promoter of OsHMA3 contributes to differential grain cadmium accumulation between Indica and Japonica rice. Journal of integrative plant biology.

  2. Zhang B, Shang LG, Ruan BP, Zhang AP, Yang SL, Jiang HZ, Liu CL, Hong K, Lin H, Gao ZY, Hu J, Zeng DL, Guo LB, Qian Q. (2019). Development of Three Sets of High-Throughput Genotyped Rice Chromosome Segment Substitution Lines and QTL Mapping for Eleven Traits. Rice, 12(1), 33.

  3. Hu SK, Hu XM, Hu J, Shang LG, Dong GJ, Zeng DL, Guo LB, Qian Q① (2018). Xiaowei, A New Rice Germplasm for Large-Scale Indoor Research. Molecular Plant. 11(11): 1418-1420.

  4. Su Y, Hu SK, Zhang B, Ye WJ, Niu YF, Guo LB①, Qian Q① (2017). Characterization and fine mapping of a new early leaf senescence mutant es3(t), in rice. Plant Growth Regulation, 81(3): 419-431.

  5. Zeng DL, Tian ZX, Rao YC, Dong GJ, Yang YL, Huang LC, Leng YJ, Xu J, Sun C, Zhang GH, Hu J, Zhu L, Gao ZY, Hu XM, Guo LB, Xiong GS, Wang YH, Li JY, Qian Q① (2017). Rational design of high-yield and superior-quality rice. Nature Plants, 3(4): 17031.

  6. Qian Q, Guo LB, Steven MS①, Li JY① (2016). Breeding high-yield superior quality hybrid super rice by rational design. National Science Review, 3(3): 283-294.

  7. Hu J, Wang XY, Fang YX, Zeng LJ, Xu J, Yu HP, Shi ZY, Pan JJ, Zhang D, Kang SJ, Zhu L, Dong GJ, Guo LB, Zeng DL, Zhang GH, Xie LH, Xiong GS, Li jy , Qian Q① (2015). A Rare Allele of GS2 Enhances Grain Size and Grain Yield in Rice. Molecular Plant 8(10): 1455-1465.

  8. Wang YX, Xiong GS, Hu J, Jiang L , Yu H, Xu J, Fang YX, Zeng LJ, Xu EB, Xu EB, Ye WJ, Meng XB, Liu RF, Chen HQ, Jing YH, Wang YH, Zhu XD① , Li JY①, Qian Q① (2015) Copy number variation at the GL7 locus contributes to grain size diversity in rice. Nature Genetics, 47(8): 944.

   专利:

  1. CN201410083623.X/水稻剑叶宽度调控基因NAL1分子标记及其应用/张光恒;钱前;王莉;曾大力;饶玉春;胡江;朱丽;徐杰;郭龙彪;高振宇;董国军;任德勇;颜美仙;胡兴明/2014-06-18/中国

  2. CN201310586095.5/稻米直链淀粉含量微控基因GBSSII分子标记及应用/曾大力;钱前;李家洋;田志喜;杨窑龙;张光恒;郭龙彪;高振宇;朱丽;胡江;董国军;胡兴民;颜美仙/2014-04-26/中国

  3. CN201310602467.9/水稻植株形态建成调控基因 PTH1及其应用/郭龙彪;钱前;胡时开;吴立文;刘坚;高振宇;胡江;董国军;曾大力/2014-03-05/中国

  4. CN201310585846.1/稻米直链淀粉含量微控基因SSIVb的分子标记及应用/曾大力、钱前、李家洋、田志喜、杨窑龙、张光恒、郭龙彪、高振宇、朱丽、胡江、董国军、胡兴民、颜美仙/2014-02-26/中国

  5. CN201310482291.8/水稻穗颈调控基因SUI1及其用途/钱前、朱丽、郭龙彪、胡江、张光恒、曾大力、高振宇、颜美仙、董国军、刘坚/2014-01-22/中国

  6. CN201110130620.3/水稻硝酸还原酶基因NR2及其编码的蛋白质与应用/钱前、高振宇、滕胜、郭龙彪/2011-11-30/中国

  7. CN200910258795.5/一种水稻叶形控制基因SRNL1及其应用/钱前、张光恒、曾大力、胡江、董国军、颜美仙、朱丽、高振宇、郭龙彪/2010-10-13/中国

  8. CN200710156693.3/水稻叶形态建成调控基因RLAL1及其应用/钱前、薛红卫、胡江、赵淑青、曾大力、郭龙彪、张光恒、董国军、徐继平/2008-05-14/中国

  新品种:

  1. 植物新品种权. 中科804. 国审稻20170080. 2017年

  2. 植物新品种权. 嘉禾优7245. 国审稻20170064. 2017年

  

  团队研究方向:

  团队目前的研究领域主要集中在水稻优良种质资源的研究,主要包括:(1)系统地创制和构建优良水稻种质资源和遗传材料;(2)利用基因组学技术克隆控制水稻重要农艺性状的关键基因;(3)通过分子设计培育优良的超级稻品种。

  Our research concerns the rice germplasm resources, including creating various genetic materials of rice and constructing elite rice germplasm resources, identifying key genes controlling the important agronomic traits of rice, and breeding of super hybrid rice varieties by molecular design.

  研究进展

  1)创制了可在实验室内进行大规模的种植和筛选的新型水稻材料“小薇”。

  We created a new rice germplasm, Xiaowei, which could be used for establishing an ideal indoor research system for rice research.

  2)揭示了美国稻长粒基因GL7的分子奥秘:GL7位点发生了17.1kb的DNA 大片段串联重复,导致了GL7基因表达量的上升,还引起了其临近的负调控因子表达的下调,引起粒长增加,垩白度和垩白率降低,从而显著改善稻米外观品质。

  We revealed the functional mechanism of GL7, a grain length controlling gene. Tandem duplication of a 17.1-kb segment at the GL7 locus leads to upregulation of GL7 and downregulation of its nearby negative regulator, resulting in an increase in grain length and improvement of grain appearance quality.

  3) 利用具有优良性状的日本晴和9311与食用品质较差的超高产品种“特青”配组出若干份高产稻米品质优良的品种。

  We developed super-rice varieties with both high yield and superior quality by crossing Teqing with both Nipponbare, which is a variety with superior eating and cooking quality but a low yield, and 93-11, which is a variety with excellent appearance quality.  

 

钱前课题组更新于2020年7月

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